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kafka_2.11-2.0.0_常用操作
来源:cnblogs  作者:踏歌行666  时间:2018/9/25 19:47:19  对本文有异议

 

参考博文:Kafka消费组(consumer group)

参考博文:kafka 1.0 中文文档(九):操作

参考博文:kafka集群管理工具kafka-manager部署安装

 

 

       以下操作可以在mini01、mini02、mini03任意一台操作即可

 

1. kafka通过网页管理

参考博文:kafka集群管理工具kafka-manager部署安装

 

 

2. 创建topic

1 # 参数说明 --replication-factor 2 表示有2个副本
2 # --partitions 4 表示有4个分区
3 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper mini01:2181 --replication-factor 2 --partitions 4 --topic test
4 Created topic "test".
5 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper mini01:2181 --replication-factor 3 --partitions 4 --topic zhang
6 Created topic "zhang".
7 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --list --zookeeper mini01:2181  # 再次查看
8 zhang
9 test

 

2.1. 各主机信息查看

mini01

1 [yun@mini01 logs]$ pwd
2 /app/kafka/logs
3 [yun@mini01 logs]$ ll 
4 total 160
5 ………………
6 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun   141 Sep 15 18:53 test-1
7 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun   141 Sep 15 18:53 test-2
8 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun   141 Sep 15 18:53 test-3

 

mini02

1 [yun@mini02 logs]$ pwd
2 /app/kafka/logs
3 [yun@mini02 logs]$ ll
4 total 260
5 ………………
6 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun    141 Sep 15 18:53 test-0
7 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun    141 Sep 15 18:53 test-2

 

mini03

1 [yun@mini03 logs]$ pwd
2 /app/kafka/logs
3 [yun@mini03 logs]$ ll
4 total 132
5 ………………
6 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun   141 Sep 15 18:53 test-0
7 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun   141 Sep 15 18:53 test-1
8 drwxrwxr-x 2 yun yun   141 Sep 15 18:53 test-3

 

 

3. 修改topic

3.1. 增加分区数

       注意:分区数不能减少

  Kafka目前不支持减少主题的分区数量。

 1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --list --zookeeper mini01:2181 
 2 __consumer_offsets
 3 test
 4 test01
 5 test02
 6 test03
 7 test04
 8 zhang
 9 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --describe --zookeeper mini01:2181 --topic test01
10 Topic:test01    PartitionCount:5    ReplicationFactor:1    Configs:
11     Topic: test01    Partition: 0    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0
12     Topic: test01    Partition: 1    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1    Isr: 1
13     Topic: test01    Partition: 2    Leader: 2    Replicas: 2    Isr: 2
14     Topic: test01    Partition: 3    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0
15     Topic: test01    Partition: 4    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1    Isr: 1
16 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --alter --zookeeper mini01:2181 --partitions 2 --topic test01 # 失败,分区数不能减少 
17 WARNING: If partitions are increased for a topic that has a key, the partition logic or ordering of the messages will be affected
18 Error while executing topic command : The number of partitions for a topic can only be increased. Topic test01 currently has 5 partitions, 2 would not be an increase.
19 [2018-09-16 09:12:40,034] ERROR org.apache.kafka.common.errors.InvalidPartitionsException: The number of partitions for a topic can only be increased. Topic test01 currently has 5 partitions, 2 would not be an increase.
20  (kafka.admin.TopicCommand$)
21 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --alter --zookeeper mini01:2181 --partitions 7 --topic test01  # 增加分区数 
22 WARNING: If partitions are increased for a topic that has a key, the partition logic or ordering of the messages will be affected
23 Adding partitions succeeded!
24 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --describe --zookeeper mini01:2181 --topic test01
25 Topic:test01    PartitionCount:7    ReplicationFactor:1    Configs:
26     Topic: test01    Partition: 0    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0
27     Topic: test01    Partition: 1    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1    Isr: 1
28     Topic: test01    Partition: 2    Leader: 2    Replicas: 2    Isr: 2
29     Topic: test01    Partition: 3    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0
30     Topic: test01    Partition: 4    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1    Isr: 1
31     Topic: test01    Partition: 5    Leader: 2    Replicas: 2    Isr: 2
32     Topic: test01    Partition: 6    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0

 

 

4. 删除topic

1 # server.properties中设置delete.topic.enable=true 【当前版本默认就是true】否则只是标记删除或者直接重启
2 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --delete --zookeeper mini01:2181 --topic test
3 Topic test is marked for deletion.
4 Note: This will have no impact if delete.topic.enable is not set to true.
5 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --list --zookeeper mini01:2181  # 再次查看   只有 zhang,则表示真的删除了
6 zhang

 

 

5. 查看所有topic

1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --list --zookeeper mini01:2181 
2 __consumer_offsets
3 test
4 zhang

 

 

6. 查看某个Topic的详情

1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --describe --zookeeper mini01:2181 --topic zhang 
2 Topic:zhang    PartitionCount:4    ReplicationFactor:3    Configs:
3     Topic: zhang    Partition: 0    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1,2,0    Isr: 1,2,0
4     Topic: zhang    Partition: 1    Leader: 2    Replicas: 2,0,1    Isr: 2,0,1
5     Topic: zhang    Partition: 2    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0,1,2    Isr: 0,1,2
6     Topic: zhang    Partition: 3    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1,0,2    Isr: 1,0,2

 

 

7. 通过shell命令生产消息

7.1. 输入单条数据

 1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list mini01:9092 --topic zhang
 2 >111
 3 >222
 4 >333
 5 >444
 6 >555
 7 >666
 8 >777
 9 >888
10 >999

 

7.2. 批量导入数据

1 [yun@mini01 zhangliang]$ kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list mini01:9092 --topic liang < 001.info

 

 

8. 通过shell命令消费消息

 1 # --from-beginning 从最开始读取
 2 # kafka-console-consumer.sh --zookeeper mini01:2181 --from-beginning --topic zhang  # 老版本
 3 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --from-beginning --topic zhang
 4 111
 5 555
 6 999
 7 333
 8 777
 9 444
10 888
11 222
12 666

 

 

9. 消费组消费

9.1. 创建topic

 1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper mini01:2181 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 4 --topic order
 2 Created topic "order".
 3 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --list --zookeeper mini01:2181  # 查看所有topic列表
 4 __consumer_offsets
 5 order
 6 test
 7 zhang
 8 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-topics.sh --describe --zookeeper mini01:2181 --topic order  # 查看topic详情
 9 Topic:order    PartitionCount:4    ReplicationFactor:1    Configs:
10     Topic: order    Partition: 0    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0
11     Topic: order    Partition: 1    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1    Isr: 1
12     Topic: order    Partition: 2    Leader: 2    Replicas: 2    Isr: 2
13     Topic: order    Partition: 3    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0

 

9.2. 生产消息

1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-console-producer.sh --broker-list mini01:9092 --topic order
2 >111
3 >222
4 >333
5 >444
6 >555

 

9.3. 消费组消费消息

mini02机器上运行

1 # --group  指定组
2 [yun@mini02 ~]$ kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --topic order --group order-group

 

mini03机器上运行

1 # --group  指定组
2 [yun@mini03 ~]$ kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --topic order --group order-group
3 
4 # 新开一个窗口执行
5 [yun@mini03 ~]$ kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --topic order --group order-group

 

  表示order-group消费组有3个消费者,消费topic order的信息。

 

9.4. 消费组消费位置信息查看

 1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --describe --group order-group  # 查看消费情况
 2 
 3 TOPIC    PARTITION  CURRENT-OFFSET  LOG-END-OFFSET  LAG   CONSUMER-ID                                     HOST            CLIENT-ID
 4 order    0          4               4               0     consumer-1-2e9805db-e021-4595-8c62-92f8691fbf20 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1
 5 order    1          5               5               0     consumer-1-2e9805db-e021-4595-8c62-92f8691fbf20 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1
 6 order    2          5               5               0     consumer-1-9e65dcfb-246f-4043-aaf7-3ee83532237f /172.16.1.13    consumer-1
 7 order    3          4               4               0     consumer-1-ee17939d-1ffe-42c7-8261-b19be8acea43 /172.16.1.12    consumer-1
 8 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --describe --group order-group --members --verbose
 9 
10 CONSUMER-ID                                     HOST            CLIENT-ID       #PARTITIONS     ASSIGNMENT
11 consumer-1-9e65dcfb-246f-4043-aaf7-3ee83532237f /172.16.1.13    consumer-1      1               order(2)
12 consumer-1-2e9805db-e021-4595-8c62-92f8691fbf20 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1      2               order(0,1)
13 consumer-1-ee17939d-1ffe-42c7-8261-b19be8acea43 /172.16.1.12    consumer-1      1               order(3)

 

 

10. 管理消费组

10.1. 查看所有消费组

1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --list
2 console-consumer-26727
3 console-consumer-92984
4 console-consumer-60755
5 console-consumer-11661
6 console-consumer-31713
7 console-consumer-20244
8 console-consumer-65733

 

10.2. 查看消费组消费情况【消费位置】

 1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --describe --group console-consumer-26727  
 2 Consumer group 'console-consumer-26727' has no active members.
 3 
 4 TOPIC           PARTITION  CURRENT-OFFSET  LOG-END-OFFSET  LAG             CONSUMER-ID     HOST            CLIENT-ID
 5 zhang           3          11              11              0               -               -               -
 6 zhang           0          9               9               0               -               -               -
 7 zhang           2          8               8               0               -               -               -
 8 zhang           1          11              11              0               -               -               -
 9 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --describe --group console-consumer-65733  
10 
11 TOPIC  PARTITION  CURRENT-OFFSET  LOG-END-OFFSET  LAG  CONSUMER-ID                                     HOST            CLIENT-ID
12 zhang  0          11              11              0    consumer-1-17c812f0-116b-42a9-88d8-90d1a85949e1 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1
13 zhang  1          12              12              0    consumer-1-17c812f0-116b-42a9-88d8-90d1a85949e1 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1
14 zhang  2          10              10              0    consumer-1-17c812f0-116b-42a9-88d8-90d1a85949e1 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1
15 zhang  3          12              12              0    consumer-1-17c812f0-116b-42a9-88d8-90d1a85949e1 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1

 

--members

1 # --members 此选项提供使用者组中所有活动成员的列表。
2 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --describe --group console-consumer-65733 --members  
3 
4 CONSUMER-ID                                     HOST            CLIENT-ID       #PARTITIONS     
5 consumer-1-17c812f0-116b-42a9-88d8-90d1a85949e1 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1      4      

 

--verbose

1 # --verbose 这个选项还提供了分配给每个成员的分区。
2 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --describe --group console-consumer-65733 --members --verbose
3 
4 CONSUMER-ID                                     HOST            CLIENT-ID       #PARTITIONS     ASSIGNMENT
5 consumer-1-17c812f0-116b-42a9-88d8-90d1a85949e1 /172.16.1.13    consumer-1      4               zhang(0,1,2,3)

 

--state

1 # --state  这个选项提供了有用的组级信息。
2 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --describe --group console-consumer-65733 --state
3 
4 COORDINATOR (ID)          ASSIGNMENT-STRATEGY       STATE                #MEMBERS
5 mini01:9092 (0)           range                     Stable               1

 

10.3. 删除一个或多个用户组

 1 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --list
 2 console-consumer-3826
 3 console-consumer-92984
 4 console-consumer-60755
 5 console-consumer-11661
 6 console-consumer-31713
 7 console-consumer-20244
 8 console-consumer-65733
 9 # 删除一个或多个组
10 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --delete --group console-consumer-11661 --group console-consumer-31713
11 Deletion of requested consumer groups ('console-consumer-31713', 'console-consumer-11661') was successful.
12 [yun@mini01 ~]$ kafka-consumer-groups.sh --bootstrap-server mini01:9092 --list
13 console-consumer-3826
14 console-consumer-92984
15 console-consumer-60755
16 console-consumer-20244
17 console-consumer-65733

 

 

11. 增加副本因子

1 [yun@mini01 kafka_20180916]$ kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper mini01:2181 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 4 --topic order
2 Created topic "order".
3 [yun@mini01 kafka_20180916]$ kafka-topics.sh --describe --zookeeper mini01:2181 --topic order
4 Topic:order    PartitionCount:4    ReplicationFactor:1    Configs:
5     Topic: order    Partition: 0    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0
6     Topic: order    Partition: 1    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1    Isr: 1
7     Topic: order    Partition: 2    Leader: 2    Replicas: 2    Isr: 2
8     Topic: order    Partition: 3    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0    Isr: 0

 

       要求:topic order 的副本数由1变为2, 之前每个分区在哪台机器上在上面已给出。

       说明:part 0分布在群集0,1; part 1分布在集群1,2;part 2 分布在集群2,0;part 3分布在集群0,1。

 

11.1. 创建一个重新调整计划文件

 1 [yun@mini01 kafka_20180916]$ cat increase-replication-factor.json
 2 {
 3   "version":1,
 4   "partitions":[
 5     {"topic": "order","partition": 0,"replicas": [0,1]},
 6     {"topic": "order","partition": 1,"replicas": [1,2]},
 7     {"topic": "order","partition": 2,"replicas": [2,0]},
 8     {"topic": "order","partition": 3,"replicas": [0,1]}
 9   ]
10 }

 

11.2. 语句执行

1 [yun@mini01 kafka_20180916]$ kafka-reassign-partitions.sh --zookeeper mini01:2181 --reassignment-json-file increase-replication-factor.json --execute 
2 Current partition replica assignment
3 
4 {"version":1,"partitions":[{"topic":"order","partition":2,"replicas":[2],"log_dirs":["any"]},{"topic":"order","partition":1,"replicas":[1],"log_dirs":["any"]},{"topic":"order","partition":3,"replicas":[0],"log_dirs":["any"]},{"topic":"order","partition":0,"replicas":[0],"log_dirs":["any"]}]}
5 
6 Save this to use as the --reassignment-json-file option during rollback
7 Successfully started reassignment of partitions.

 

11.3. 查看是否执行成功

1 [yun@mini01 kafka_20180916]$ kafka-reassign-partitions.sh --zookeeper mini01:2181 --reassignment-json-file increase-replication-factor.json --verify
2 Status of partition reassignment: 
3 Reassignment of partition order-0 completed successfully
4 Reassignment of partition order-1 completed successfully
5 Reassignment of partition order-2 completed successfully
6 Reassignment of partition order-3 completed successfully

  

11.4. 再次查看该topic详情

1 [yun@mini01 kafka_20180916]$ kafka-topics.sh --describe --zookeeper mini01:2181 --topic order  # 由下可见分配成功
2 Topic:order    PartitionCount:4    ReplicationFactor:2    Configs:
3     Topic: order    Partition: 0    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0,1    Isr: 0,1
4     Topic: order    Partition: 1    Leader: 1    Replicas: 1,2    Isr: 1,2
5     Topic: order    Partition: 2    Leader: 2    Replicas: 2,0    Isr: 2,0
6     Topic: order    Partition: 3    Leader: 0    Replicas: 0,1    Isr: 0,1

 

 

12. 创建partitions时在broker的分配机制

1 kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper mini01:2181 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 5 --topic test01
2 kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper mini01:2181 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 11 --topic test02

 

注意在各机器上partitions的分布

 1 mini01
 2     test01-0
 3     test01-3
 4     test02-2
 5     test02-5
 6     test02-8
 7 
 8 mini02
 9     test01-1
10     test01-4
11     test02-0
12     test02-3
13     test02-6
14     test02-9
15 
16 mini03
17     test01-2
18     test02-1
19     test02-10
20     test02-4
21     test02-7